1.) Locate the Arabian Peninsula and the bodies of water and landmasses adjacent to it. Identify important cities such as Jerusalem, Makkah (Mecca), Madinah (Madina), Damascus, Baghdad, Constantinople, Cairo, Cordoba, and Samarkand.
2.) Describe the basic beliefs and practices of Islam, including the Five Pillars and explain their relationship to Muslim life, culture, and civilization.
3.) Distinguish between the rapid expansion of territory under Muslim rule and the gradual spread of Islam among various societies.
4.) Analyze the relationship between the spread of Islam and the use of the Arabic language in scholarship and trade.
5.) Identify social and political institutions that emerged in Muslim society in response to religious practices, and give examples of diverse ways in which these institutions manifested themselves in different regional traditions.
6.) Relate the spread of Islam to the expansion of trade in Afroeurasia from the seventh to the sixteenth centuries CE.
7.) Compare primary sources and relate them to geographic information about interregional trade relations in Afroeurasia.
8.) Relate the spread of Islam to the expansion of urbanization
in Afroeurasia from the seventh to the twelfth centuries